Time and Relativity –
“An hour sitting with a pretty girl on a park bench passes like a minute, but a minute sitting on a hot stove seems like an hour.” – Albert Einstein’s explanation of Relativity theory to his secretary.
Space and Time expression within Art history:
Cubism was the first abstract style of modern art. You could say it is a kind of Realism. It is a conceptual approach to realism in art, which aims to depict the world as it is and not as it seems. At the beginning Cubism started as an idea then later it became a style. Through geometricity , simultaneity (multiple views) and passage Cubism tried to describe visually the concept of the Fourth Dimension.
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) can be said to form the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th-century’s new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. Both Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked Cézanne “the father of us all”.
The Key Characteristics of Cubism:
- Geometricity – a simplification of figures and objects into geometrical components and planes that may or may not add up to the whole figure or object known in the natural world.
- Approximation of the Fourth Dimension.
- Conceptual, instead of perceptual, reality.
- Distortion and deformation of known figures and forms in the natural world.
- Passage – the overlapping and interpenetration of planes.
- Simultaneity or multiple views. Different points of view made visible on one plane.
Here are some examples of some earlier Cubist art:
Bibemus Quarry, 1895 (oil on canvas) – Paul Cézanne