Concept and Ideation: Research into Temporal Expressions

David Hockney, born in 1937, is a British printmaker, painter and photographer. He is hugely renowned for his photography work called “Joiners”, as well as his use of vibrant colours, landscapes and portraits.

Panography, or Joiners, is a photographic technique which uses two or more separately taken photographs, that either manually with prints or by using digital image editing software, the artist is able to assemble or merge the photographs by overlapping them. Hockney is an early and important contributor to this technique. He invented the term “Joiners” and he still paints and photographs joiners today.

Since photographs are taken from different perspectives/angles and at slightly different times, the result has a relation to Cubism. One of Hockney’s major aims were – discussing the way human vision works. So he was clearly interested in how to turn our 3D environment into a 2D image on a 2D space. He clearly understood the technique in terms of ‘time and space’. He really admired it too because it allowed the audience to read space and to see the world through his visionary lens. Hockney stated that a single photograph cannot represent time or narrative because it expresses a single moment.

“Pearblossum Highway, 11th to 18th April 1986 No.2”

Above is Hockney’s most famous joiner called Pearblossum Highway. It depicts an American highway, made up of hundreds of photographs. When viewing this joiner image audience can explore the scene from corner to corner.

Telephone Pole, 1982

This is another famous joiner that Hockney had done. His motivation for producing Joiners was to introduce three elements which a single photograph cannot have: time, space and narrative. Space and Time are the two main themes in Cubism.


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