Concept and Ideation: Research in to Animation

Betty Boop was one of the first Animated cartoons in 1920. At this point in history, animation was silent. It had no sound. Sound only started to be integrated by 1924. “Betty Boop” was a long running series of shows made by the animator Grin Natwick. She was originally sketched as a cartoon poodle, but evolved into a flapper-style woman during her cartoon career. She had to be toned down in the mid-1930s and appeared in two comic strips.” –

Betty Boop, 1920



“The zoetrope consists of a cylinder with slits cut vertically in the sides. On the inner surface of the cylinder is a band with images from a set of sequenced pictures. As the cylinder spins, the user looks through the slits at the pictures across. The scanning of the slits keeps the pictures from simply blurring together, and the user sees a rapid succession of images, producing the illusion of motion”:

Encylopeadia Britannica, Inc, 2004


The Flip Book was patented was patented by a man called John Barnes Linnet in 1868 which was the one of the first methods of animating drawings that were done on paper individually. Fast forward now to the 20th Century, Walt Disney created Mickey Mouse and created many many films based on famous characters that we are all familiar of, which is are far more complex animations than any you may find in a flip book. Nevertheless they are both animation. They are both a sequence of images, either drawn, painted, or produced by other artistic methods, that change over time to portray the illusion of motion. “Before the invention of film, humans depicted motion in static art as far back as the Paleolithic period. In the 1st century, several devices successfully depicted motion in animated images”. –


An Egyptian burial chamber mural, approx. 4000 years old, showing wrestlers in action.
Sequence of images that minimally differ from each other – from the site of the Burnt City in Iran, late half of 3rd millennium B.C.

If they had the same technology as we have today, the would be able to take a picture of each sequence on their smartphones and process it as a GIF stop-motion.

This is one of my favourite animated movie clips from more modern times. I welcome you to watch Animator vs. Animation IV. The way the animator has animated his stick figure it’s like he has given it a personality and a character. As if it had feelings, a conscience and a conscious. That’s the beauty of Animation. Enjoy –


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